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亚搏城手机|知情人曝多国字号选手练体能受伤 影响专项成绩

Fu Yuanhui ranked first in the preliminaries but missed the final.

傅元辉在预赛中排名第一,但没有进入决赛。

What are the circumstances that will cause the athlete who ranked first in the preliminary round to miss the final? A new answer was given in the past two days-the physical fitness test score is too low.

在什么情况下会导致在初赛中排名第一的运动员错过决赛?过去两天给出了一个新答案-体能测验分数太低。

September 28, 2020 nationwide

2020年9月28日,全国

For a time, a big discussion about "whether physical fitness should be linked to athletic performance" was launched on the Internet. And Zhou Jihong, chairman of the Chinese Swimming亚搏城手机 Association, also made it clear, "We will continue to stick to this direction of competition reform."

有一时间,有关“是否应该将体质与运动表现联系起来”的大型讨论在互联网上展开。中国游泳协会主席周继红也明确表示:“我们将继续坚持这一比赛改革方向。”

In the face of controversy and incomprehension, The Paper reporter interviewed a number of swimming and sports kinesiology experts to listen to their opinions on physical fitness tests.

面对争议和不理解,本报记者采访了许多游泳和运动人体运动学专家,以听取他们对体能测试的意见。

Wang Jian and Jiahe

王健和贾河

Unreasonable physical fitness? Or are the new rules unreasonable?

身体不适?还是新规则不合理?

In a national swimming championship, two "new record-makers" missed the final due to insufficient physical performance, causing the entire social network to quarrel.

在一项全国游泳冠军赛中,两名“新纪录创造者”由于身体表现不足而未能进入决赛,从而导致整个社交网络发生争执。

So, calm down and think, is "Physical Contest" really the root cause of this controversy?

因此,冷静下来思考一下,“体育比赛”是否真的是引起争议的根本原因?

"The purpose of adding basic physical fitness tests in this national competition is to make up for the shortcomings of Chinese athletes and to improve the competitiveness of Chinese swimmers in the world. In other words, the purpose of strengthening physical fitness and making up for shortcomings is to encourage athletes Basic physical ability and professional sports performance can be compared to the world's top level."

“在本届全国比赛中增加基本体能测试的目的是弥补中国运动员的不足,提高中国游泳者在世界上的竞争力。换句话说,增强体能并弥补不足的目的是鼓励运动员的基本身体能力和专业运动表现可与世界顶级水平相提并论。”

From the analysis by Zhou Jihong, chairman of the Chinese Swimming Association, in an interview with the "China Sports Daily", it is not difficult to see that, as the gold medal leader of the diving team, she agrees with "strengthening physical fitness and making up for weaknesses".

从中国游泳协会主席周继红在接受《中国体育日报》采访时的分析中不难看出,作为跳水队金牌领队,她同意“加强身体素质”。并弥补弱点”。

"From the results of physical fitness tests, most athletes have achieved good results, and even scored full marks in individual physical fitness, reflecting the results of physical fitness training."

“从体能测试的结果来看,大多数运动员都取得了不错的成绩,甚至在个人体能方面都获得了满分,反映出体能训练的结果。”

In fact, before the start of the National Track and Field Championships, many first-line coaches talked to The Paper about their views on physical training, "Physical fitness is very important, and training physical fitness does improve athletes in some aspects. But will There is something wrong with physical performance as the basis and standard for judging competition qualification.

实际上,在全国田径锦标赛开始之前,许多一线教练就他们对体育锻炼的看法与《白皮书》进行了交谈,“体育锻炼非常重要,体育锻炼确实在某些方面可以改善运动员。身体表现作为判断比赛资格的基础和标准有问题。

Indeed, for athletes, physical training is understandable, but should it be linked to performance and promotion quotas?

的确,对于运动员来说,体育锻炼是可以理解的,但是应该将其与表现和晋升配额联系起来吗?

The swimming team conducts a lap test.

游泳队进行了一次大腿测试。

"We don't mean that we don't care about physical fitness. We just think that physical fitness may not be a decisive factor." After Wang Jian Jiahe broke the record, he already knew that he would miss the final. "This time the competition is based on physical fitness to determine the top eight. Still a little lacking (consideration)."

“我们并不是说我们不在乎身体健康。我们只是认为身体健康可能不是决定性因素。”王建嘉和打破纪录后,他已经知道自己会错过决赛。 “这次比赛是根据体能来确定前八名的。仍然缺少(考虑)。”

If only a few athletes have such problems, it may be an accident, but in just three competition days, including Wang Jian Jiahe, Yu Hexin, Fu Yuanhui, Yu Jingyao and just won in the men’s 400m individual medley preliminaries In the second place, Tan Haiyang, because of his low physical test scores, he missed the final...

如果只有几个运动员遇到此类问题,那可能是一个意外,但是在短短的三天比赛中,包括王健佳和,于和欣,付远辉,于静瑶,并刚刚获得了男子400m个人混合泳预赛的第二名,谭海洋,由于身体测试成绩低下,所以错过了决赛。

This situation is worthy of consideration by managers. How reasonable are the "new rules"?

这种情况值得管理者考虑。 “新规则”有多合理?

"One of the important purposes of strengthening physical fitness is to enable high-level athletes to maintain an excellent competitive level in multi-shot competitions and have a better ability to adapt to high-intensity competitions."

加强身体适应性的重要目的之一是使高水平运动员在多次射击比赛中保持出色的比赛水平,并具有更好的适应高强度比赛的能力。”

Fu Yuanhui make complaints about micro-blog

傅元辉抱怨微博

Can you be more flexible in your physical fitness competition?

您可以在身体健康比赛中更加灵活吗?

Of course, it must be admitted that under this new rule that "physical performance is directly linked to competition qualification", many top athletes have "survived". This includes Xu Jiayu, the leader of Chinese swimming today.

当然,必须承认,在“身体表现与比赛资格直接相关”这一新规则下,许多顶级运动员都“幸存”。其中包括今天的中国游泳领袖徐家瑜。

Another example is the previous National Athletics Championships. When many athletes complained that "the physical fitness competition is too hard", the female javelin "first sister" Lu Huihui's physical test score exceeded 90 points (out of 100 points).

另一个例子是以前的全国田径锦标赛。当许多运动员抱怨“体能比赛太艰苦”时,女标枪“第一姐妹”卢慧慧的体能测试成绩超过了90分(满分为100分)。

"I heard that athletes in many sports are talking about physical fitness competitions. I think the biggest problem lies in one size fits all." A senior scientific researcher from the local Institute of Physical Education told The Paper that the reason why athletes of different sports are in the "Physical Fitness Competition" There will be huge differences in performance, one of the important reasons is:

“我听说许多运动项目的运动员都在谈论体能比赛。我认为最大的问题在于一种适合所有人的尺寸。”当地体育学院的一位资深科研人员告诉《报》,不同运动项目的运动员之所以参加“体能竞赛”,其成绩会有巨大差异,重要原因之一是:

Nowadays, the Grand Tournament has set up the same set of tests for each major category, but this may not necessarily be "universal" for athletes in each of the small events.

如今,大奖赛已经为每个主要类别设置了相同的测试组,但是对于每个小型项目的运动员来说,这不一定是“通用的”。

"To develop a scientific standard, you can't run 3000 meters for all projects." The researcher explained, "What is the purpose of testing 3000 meters? It is to test endurance and aerobic capacity. But there are many ways to make everyone Go and run 3000 meters."

“要制定科学标准,不能为所有项目运行3000米。”研究人员解释说:“测试3000米的目的是什么?它是测试耐力和有氧能力的方法。但是有很多方法可以使每个人都去跑步3000米。”

In fact, as early as May this year, sprinter Su Bingtian posted his own 3000m test results. His 13 minutes and 38 seconds was also teased by many netizens on the Internet: "What kind of run is this? Are you sure? Are you an athlete?"

实际上,早亚搏认证平台在今年5月,短跑选手苏炳田就发布了自己的3000m测试结果。他的13分38秒也被互联网上的许多网友嘲笑:“这是一种什么样的跑步方式?确定吗?您是运动员吗?”

And Su Bingtian also explained: "3000 meters belong to slow aerobic exercise. Sprinters focus on strength and explosive power training. If you train too much for long-distance running, the fast muscles will become slow muscles and affect our explosive power, so the coach will not It is recommended that we put too much energy in this area."

苏炳田还解释说:“ 3000米属于慢速有氧运动。短跑运动员专注于力量和爆发力训练。如果您在长距离跑步中训练过多,那么快肌就会变成慢肌并影响我们的爆发力,因此教练不会的。建议我们在这方面投入太多精力。”

Fu Yuanhui is in the game.

傅元辉在比赛中。

A senior swimming coach told The Paper that swimmers have to press their feet all the time, just to stretch the ankle ligaments.

一位资深的游泳教练告诉The Paper,游泳者必须一直压脚,以伸展踝关节韧带。

"This is completely different from the toughness of track and field athletes, and the muscle types are also different. In the past, swimmers did not need to calculate time for running, and jogging was to train internal strength."

“这与田径运动员的韧性完全不同,肌肉类型也有所不同。过去,游泳者不需要计算跑步时间,而慢跑是为了训练内部力量。”

After being "eliminated" before, Wang Jian Jiahe felt helplessly, "After all, we are water sports and we are not very good at land sports. It is impossible for runners to swim particularly well in the water. By the same token, swimmers are not good at it. Maybe every project on land is particularly good."

在被“淘汰”之前,王建佳禾无奈地感到:“毕竟我们是水上运动,我们不是很擅长陆上运动。跑步者不可能在水中特别好地游泳。同样,游泳者并不擅长。也许陆地上的每个项目都特别出色。”

Fu Yuanhui even "wailed" directly on social networks: "I never thought that Fu Yuanyuan would have a running day in this life."

傅元辉甚至直接在社交网络上“哭泣”:“我从没想过傅元元这辈子会过得充实。”

All sports teams in China are testing their physical fitness.

中国所有运动队都在测试他们的身体素质。

How to make "Physical fitness first, Tokyo leads" a reality

如何使“身体健康至上,东京引领”成为现实

It has been more than a year since the State General Administration of Sports put forward the requirements of "grasping physical fitness, making up for shortcomings, and competing for pacesetters".

国家体育总局提出“抓身体,弥补缺点,争标兵”的要求已经有一年多了。

Type "Physical Contest" in a domestic search engine, and nearly 10,000 related news will pop up on the page immediately, ranging from badminton and volleyball to weightlifting, taekwondo, fencing, wrestling, swimming, archery, boxing, shooting, water and gymnastics In these Summer Olympics, almost all professional sports teams are participating in this "competition."

在家用搜索引擎中输入“体格竞赛”,将立即在该页面上弹出近10,000条相关新闻,从羽毛球,排球到举重,跆拳道,击剑,摔跤,游泳,射箭,拳击,射击,水上和体操在这些夏季奥运会上,几乎所有职业运动队都参加了这一“比赛”。

Even in the newly launched Chess Division A, many middle-aged veterans also need physical fitness tests, but their standard is to run 1,000 meters. Some netizens laughed and said whether the next step is the game of Go-"I want to confront Ke Jie and see what he looks like on p亚搏认证平台hysical examination."

即使在新推出的国际象棋A区,许多中年老兵也需要体能测试,但他们的标准是跑步1000米。一些网友笑了,说下一步是否是围棋游戏-“我想对付柯杰,看看他的身体状况如何。”

Nowadays, when attempts to "directly link physical performance to competition qualifications" appear in various national competitions, the "ripples" caused by this test in public opinion are enough to arouse more people's attention and thinking. With the Tokyo Olympics being postponed a year later, this is not necessarily a bad thing.

如今,在各种全国性比赛中都出现了“将身体表现与比赛资格直接联系起来”的尝试时,这种测试在公众舆论中引起的“涟漪”足以引起更多人的关注和思考。东京奥运会推迟一年后,这不一定是一件坏事。

"This time the physical test exposure is also a good thing." A former Chinese swimmer expressed a more positive view to The Paper. "This time'out of the lap' will allow more people to pay attention to swimming events and allow managers to Later, a more scientific and detailed physical test standard will be given."

“这次的物理测试暴露也是一件好事。”一位前中国游泳运动员对《报》表示了更积极的看法。 “这次的突破”将使更多的人关注游泳比赛,并允许管理人员进行游泳。后来,将给出更科学,更详细的身体测试标准。”

Indeed, when most of China's elite sports events are "grasping physical fitness and making up for shortcomings", it is more scientific and meticulous to be more precious.

的确,当中国大多数精英体育赛事正在“抓紧身体,弥补缺点”时,它变得更加科学,细致。

Chess players take a physical fitness test. Chutian Metropolis Daily Picture

国际象棋选手进行体能测试。楚天都会日报图片

Perhaps one or two national competitions are not enough to fully demonstrate the help of physical fitness for special athletic performance. After all, the State Sports General Administration has established a relevant physical fitness expert group very early.

也许一两个国家级的比赛不足以充分展示身体对于特殊运动表现的帮助。毕竟,国家体育总局很早就建立了相关的体能专家组。

According to a person familiar with the matter told The Paper, “This expert group includes relevant experts and professors from some schools, as well as experts from the Institute of Physical Education, so it is sufficiently professional, and the projects set up are not only for track and field. Each project has a complete set of test standards."

一位知情人士告诉《 The Paper》说:“该专家组包括一些学校的相关专家和教授,以及体育学院的专家,因此它足够专业,并且建立的项目不仅田径运动。每个项目都有一套完整的测试标准。”

It is precisely because of this that the National Sports General Administration put forward the slogan "Physical fitness first, Tokyo leads".

正是因为如此,国家体育总局提出了“体育至上,东京为首”的口号。

However, judging from the athletic performance of athletes in several competitions today, Chinese sports needs to take a rigorous and serious attitude towards physical training and the link between physical performance and athletic performance.

但是,从当今几项比赛中运动员的运动表现来看,中国体育需要对体育锻炼以及体育锻炼与体育锻炼之间的联系采取严格而认真的态度。

This is like how many front-line coaches and The Paper reporters said with emotion, “Physical fitness should serve training and athletes.”

就像多少前线教练和报纸记者感慨地说:“体育锻炼应该为训练和运动员服务。”

In addition, read carefully the statement of Zhou Jihong, chairman of the Chinese Swimming Association, which also contains a sentence-"We will establish a more complete basic physical training and physical competition system that is compatible with and closely integrated with swimming events."

此外,请仔细阅读中国游泳协会主席周继红的讲话,其中还包括一句话:“我们将建立与游泳比赛相适应并紧密结合的更加完整的基础体育锻炼和体育竞赛体系。”

In the context of emphasizing physical fitness, Chinese sports urgently needs to accelerate research on test items that fit various special events and sports, and reasonably formulate standards and assessment procedures based on the actual situation of athletes in different sports, and strive to reduce the impact on competition performance.

在强调身体素质的背景下,中国体育刻不容缓地加快适合各种特殊事件和体育项目的测试项目的研究,根据不同体育项目运动员的实际情况合理制定标准和考核程序,力求减少影响。竞争表现。

Physical fitness is indeed the basis of competitive sports, and on this basis, more scientific and detailed considerations may be able to make physical fitness a boost to "leading Tokyo".

身体健康确实是竞技运动的基础,在此基础上,更科学,更详细的考虑也许可以使身体健康成为“领先的东京”的推动力。


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